What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, the main type of sugar in the blood.
What Happens in Diabetes?
Our bodies break down the foods we eat into glucose and other nutrients we need, which are then absorbed into the bloodstream from the gastrointestinal tract. The glucose level in the blood rises after a meal and triggers the pancreas to make the hormone insulin and release it into the bloodstream. But in people with diabetes, the body either can''t respond to insulin properly.
Insulin works like a key that opens the doors to cells and lets the glucose in. Without insulin, glucose can''s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. No one knows exactly why this happens, but scientists think it has something to do with genes. But just getting the genes for diabetes isn''t respond to it normally. Glucose is less able to enter the cells and do its job of supplying energy (a problem called insulin resistance). This raises the blood sugar level, so the pancreas works hard to make even more insulin. Eventually, this strain can make the pancreas unable to produce enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels normal.
Who Gets Type 1 Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes can''t always obvious and they can take a long the 1 last update 06 Jun 2020 time to develop. Type 1 diabetes may come on gradually or suddenly.Type 1 diabetes can''t always obvious and they can take a long time to develop. Type 1 diabetes may come on gradually or suddenly.
what is glucose and fructose combined and zinc (☑ biology) | what is glucose and fructose combined carbohydratehow to what is glucose and fructose combined for But kids or teens who develop type 1 diabetes may:
- Need to pee a lot. The kidneys respond to high levels of glucose in the blood by flushing out the extra glucose in urine (pee). Kids with high blood sugar levels need to pee more often and make more pee.
- Drink a lot of liquids. Because they''t use glucose for energy properly.
- Lose weight (or not gain weight as they grow). Kids and teens with type 1 diabetes may have an increased appetite, but often lose weight because the body breaks down muscle and stored fat in an attempt to provide fuel to the hungry cells.
In some cases, other symptoms can be the signal that something is wrong. Sometimes the first sign of diabetes is bedwetting in a child who has been dry at night. Diabetes also should be suspected if a girl who hasn''t the same as curing it. Right now, there''t started, chemicals called ketones can build up in the blood and cause stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity-smelling breath, breathing problems, and even loss of consciousness. Sometimes these symptoms are mistaken for the flu or appendicitis. Doctors call this serious condition diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA.
Diabetes also can cause long-term complications in some people, including heart disease, stroke, vision impairment, and kidney damage. It also can cause other problems throughout the body in the blood vessels, nerves, and gums. While these problems don''ve had type 1 diabetes for only a few years, they can affect them in adulthood, particularly if their diabetes isn''s good news, though — proper treatment can stop or control these diabetes symptoms and reduce the risk of long-term problems.