Diabetic retinopathy tends for 1 last update 06 Jun 2020 to go through these four stages:Diabetic retinopathy tends to go through these four stages:
Mild nonproliferative retinopathy. In the disease’s earliest stage, tiny blood vessels in your retina change. Small areas swell. These are called microaneurysms. Fluid can leak out of them and into your retina. Moderate nonproliferative retinopathy. As your disease gets worse, blood vessels that should keep your retina healthy swell and change shape. They can’t deliver blood to your retina. This can change the way your retina looks. These blood vessel changes can trigger diabetic macular edema (DME). That’s swelling in the area of your retina called the macula. Severe nonproliferative retinopathy. In the third stage, many blood vessels get blocked. They can’t deliver blood to your retina to keep it healthy. Areas of your retina where this happens make special proteins called growth factors that tell your retina to grow new blood vessels. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). This is the most advanced stage. New blood vessels grow inside your retina and then into the jelly inside your eyeballs called vitreous humor. Fragile new blood vessels are more likely to leak fluid and bleed. Scar tissue starts to form. This can cause retinal detachment, when your retina pulls away from the tissue underneath. This can lead to permanent blindness. Diagnosis
eye doctor can usually tell if you have diabetic retinopathy during your eye exam. Pupil dilation. Your doctor will dilate your pupils to look for any changes in your eye’s blood vessels or see if any new ones have grown. They''s office or in the hospital. Complications
Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a serious complication of diabetic retinopathy. A healthy macula gives you sharp vision straight in front of you. This is what you need to drive, read, and see other people’s faces. If your diabetic retinopathy causes fluid buildup and swelling in your macula, you can get DME.
type one diabetes genetic logbook (👍 remission) | type one diabetes genetic statistics ukhow to type one diabetes genetic for DME is the most common reason people with diabetic retinopathy lose their vision, and about half of people with diabetic retinopathy get DME. You’re more likely to get DME at later stages of diabetic retinopathy, but it can happen at any point.
Sometimes, vision loss from DME can’t be reversed.
Work with your doctor to keep your blood sugar and
blood pressure at good levels. This will slow down diabetic retinopathy and maybe even stop it from happening.
Here are more the 1 last update 06 Jun 2020 tips to prevent diabetic retinopathy:Here are more tips to prevent diabetic retinopathy:
Make sure you see an eye doctor at least once a year for a complete eye exam. If you have diabetes and are pregnant, have a thorough eye exam during your first trimester. Follow up with your eye doctor during pregnancy. Tell your eye doctor if you develop gestational diabetes. Don’t smoke if you have diabetic retinopathy or diabetes. Sources
National Eye Institute: “Facts About Diabetic Eye Disease,” “How is macular edema treated?”
Cleveland the 1 last update 06 Jun 2020 Clinic: “Diabetic Retinopathy.”Cleveland Clinic: “Diabetic Retinopathy.”
American Academy of Ophthalmology: “Diabetic Retinopathy?”
National Eye Institute: Mayo Clinic: “Diabetic retinopathy.”
CDC: “Common Eye Disorders.”
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