Victoria''/''''''''''''''s very important that you don''s organs. Possible complications include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, gums, feet and nerves.
Reducing risk of diabetes complications
The good news is that the risk of most diabetes-related complications can be reduced by keeping blood pressure, blood glucose and cholesterol levels within recommended range. Also, being a healthy weight, eating healthily, reducing alcohol intake, and not smoking will help reduce your risk.
Regular check-ups and screening are important to pick up any problems early
Diabetes and healthy eating
If you have diabetes it’s important to include a wide variety of nutritious and healthy foods in your diet, and to avoid snacking on sugary foods. Eating healthy foods can help control your blood glucose and cholesterol levels, and your blood pressure.
Enjoy a variety of foods from each food group – be sure to include foods high in fibre and low in fat, and reduce your salt intake. It’s helpful to consult with a dietitian to review your current eating plan and provide a guide about food choices and food quantities.
Alcohol intake and diabetes
Limit alcohol intake. If you drink alcohol, have no more than two standard drinks per day. If you are pregnant or considering pregnancy or are breastfeeding, then zero alcohol intake is recommended.
reverses diabetes type 2 herbs (⭐️ pumps system) | reverses diabetes type 2 in young childrenhow to reverses diabetes type 2 for Diabetes and healthy weight
If you are overweight, even losing a small amount of weight, especially round the abdomen, helps lower your blood pressure, blood glucose and cholesterol levels.
It can be daunting trying to lose weight, so to get started set yourself a short-term achievable goal. Try thinking about the food you are eating, whether you really need it, if it''t smoke. Talk to your doctor about any problems you have with your hands, arms, feet, or legs, your stomach, bowels, or bladder.
Better Health Channel has more information about diabetic neuropathy.
Foot problems and diabetes
The feet of someone with diabetes are at risk of damage when the blood supply in both large and small blood vessels is reduced. Nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy) often results and problems to the structure of the foot can also occur – for example, clawed toes.
Reduced blood supply and nerve function can delay healing, increase the risk of infection, reduce feeling in the feet, and lead to ulcers and structural foot problems.
Look after your feet by:
- seeing a podiatrist at least once a year. They will assess the health of your feet by checking the blood supply and nerve function and looking for changes in the structure of your feet
- checking your feet every day (get someone to help you if you are unable to check them yourself). Look for cuts, blisters calluses, corns, tinea (especially between the toes) and any changes you notice. If treated early and without delay, you can help prevent complications occurring
- using a moisturiser (such as sorbolene), especially if you have areas of dry, rough or cracked skin on your feet and heels – this can help keep your feet healthy
- protecting your feet by wearing comfortable, supportive shoes that fit well.
Skin problems and diabetes
People with diabetes may experience very dry skin due to damage to the small blood vessels and nerves. A common problem for people with diabetes is very dry skin on the feet.
There are also other skin conditions related to diabetes. High blood glucose levels over time can affect the health of the skin. The skin acts as a barrier to protect our bodies from infection so it is important to keep the skin as healthy as possible. If the skin becomes dry, it can lead to cracks and possibly infections.
To reduce the risk of skin problems:
- Keep your blood glucose and HbA1c within recommended ranges to reduce the risk of skin infections.
- Wear gloves when you use household cleaners and solvents.
- Avoid very hot baths and showers.
- Do not have your feet too close to heaters, especially if you have peripheral neuropathy, as you may not be able to feel the intensity of the heat.
- Use a cream or lotion on your skin after bathing, preferably one that is not perfumed. Use non-scented soaps or soap alternatives.
- If you notice you have a skin problem, see your doctor.
Teeth and gum problems and diabetes
People with poorly managed diabetes are at increased risk of tooth decay and gum infections. This is because the small blood vessels that help nourish your teeth and gums can become damaged. (Dental and gum infections can also lead to high blood glucose levels.)
Not looking after your teeth and gums can cause the gums to become inflamed and loosen around your teeth. Poor oral care is also strongly linked with an increased risk of heart disease.
To reduce your risk of teeth and gum problems:
- See your dentist regularly (six monthly) for a check-up.
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day (a soft toothbrush is generally recommended) and floss once a day.
- If you have dentures, make sure you brush your dentures and gums with a soft tooth brush.
Mental health and diabetes
reverses diabetes type 2 food plan (👍 oral) | reverses diabetes type 2 hypoglycemiahow to reverses diabetes type 2 for Living with and managing either type 1 or type 2 diabetes can lead to stress, anxiety and depression. This can affect your blood glucose levels and how you manage your diabetes in general. Over time, this can affect your health.
It is important to talk to your doctor if you are going through times of stress, depression or anxiety. Your doctor can refer you to a counsellor, psychologist or psychiatrist by providing a diabetes mental health plan. This is Medicare rebated.
Other help is available, including:
You can find more information about diabetes and mental health at Diabetes Victoria.
Diabetes, particularly type 2, has been linked with for 1 last update 03 Aug 2020 Alzheimer''nhsd-widget''nhsd-widget'>Diabetes, particularly type 2, has been linked with Alzheimer''nhsd-widget''nhsd-widget'>